Regional income disparities, distributional convergence, and spatial effects: Evidence from Indonesian regions 2010–2017

Using a novel dataset, we analysis the spatio-temporal dynamics of income per capita across 34 provinces and 514 districts in Indonesia over the 2010–2017 period.

Regional income disparities and convergence clubs in Indonesia: New district-level evidence

By applying a non-linear dynamic factor model, this article tests the club convergence hypothesis using a novel dataset of income at the district level. The results show significant five convergence clubs.

Disparities in Regional Productivity, Capital Accumulation, and Efficiency across Indonesia: A Club Convergence Approach

Except for aggregate efficiency, we reject the hypothesis that all provinces would eventually converge to a common steady-state path in terms of labor productivity, physical capital, and human capital. Low efficiency is still a problem for Indonesia

Regional Efficiency Convergence and Efficiency Clusters: Evidence from the provinces of Indonesia 1990–2010

Results from the distributional convergence approach indicate the existence of two local convergence clusters within the overall and pure efficiency distributions.